Jhe Russian revolution consisted of two revolutions in 1917 that ended the tsarist regime and eventually replaced it with a communist state. The first revolution was mainly centered in Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg) and overthrew Tsar Nicholas II. The second revolution was led by Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik party. He overthrew the Provisional Government and established Communism.
St. Isaac’s Square, St. Petersburg
Cossack troops seated in St. Isaac’s Square.
These Cossack troops, loyal to the Provisional Government, probably quickly disappeared as Bolshevik sailors and soldiers fanned out across the city, seizing key buildings and infrastructure. (Photo from 1917: Getty Images)
Palace Square, Saint Petersburg
The demonstrators march in favor of the continuation of the war effort.
The main banner reads: “In the name of freedom, [continue] the war against Germanism until complete victory. But pro-war sentiment waned after the offensive launched against Germany in July ended disastrously for Russia. (1917 photo: Sputnik)
Field of Mars, St. Petersburg
A funeral for the victims of the revolution. (Photo from 1917: Shutterstock)
Red Square, Moscow
The revolution soon spread throughout Russia.
This political speech in Moscow was photographed in the early days of the February Revolution. (Photo from 1917: Alamy)
Alexander Palace, Saint Petersburg
Three of former Tsar Nicholas II’s daughters with his son, left to right: Olga, Alexis, Anastasia and Tatiana, seated on the ground in Tsarskoye Selo. Alexis was the former heir to the throne of Russia, in captivity near St. Petersburg. Just over a year after this photo was taken, the entire family was shot and bayoneted by the Bolshevik revolutionaries. (Photo from 1917: Alamy)
Nevsky Prospekt, St. Petersburg
A demonstration of Bolshevik partisans in the center of Saint Petersburg. (Photo from 1917: Shutterstock)
The Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg
Soldiers guarding the Provisional Government inside the Winter Palace days before it was stormed by soldiers and sailors fighting on behalf of Lenin’s Bolsheviks. (1917 Credit: Alamy)
Red Square, Moscow
Members of the Women’s Death Battalion take an oath before being sent to the front. Battalions of women were intended to shame the men into continuing the fight against Germnay. (1917 Photo: Sputnik)
Gorky Park, Moscow
Bolshevik troops in Moscow. At the beginning of November 1917, Moscow was also under the control of Bolshevik fighters. (1917 Photo: Sputnik)
Theater Square, Moscow
Lenin speaking in central Moscow. By 1918, the revolution had turned into a civil war between Lenin’s ‘Red’ Bolsheviks and a collection of forces known as ‘Whites’. The violence in Russia was just beginning.