World War I saw empires collapse, and among these was the Russian empire of Tsar Nicholas II. When Nicholas declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary in July 1914, he was the absolute ruler of a kingdom of nearly 150 million people stretching from central Europe to the Pacific and theRead More →

Getty Images A boy in Moscow waves a Communist flag at a rally to mark the 100th anniversary of the October 1917 revolution This month the world remembers the 100 years since the Russian revolutions of 1917. The revolutions in Russia are incredibly important historical events. They marked the startRead More →

As Hasegawa notes in his fascinating book, approaches to the history of the October 1917 revolution in Russia have evolved over time. Social history eventually supplanted political history, but then gave way to history “across the divide”, which welds the events that took place before and after the revolution. HasegawaRead More →

The Russian Revolution began on November 7, 1917, when the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace and seized power. They declared the foundation of the socialist Soviet republic, led by Vladimir Lenin. News of their victory spread like wildfire, inspiring liberation movements elsewhere, particularly in Africa. National resistance to British colonialRead More →

The Bolsheviks had a battery of powerful leaders, but the most notable were Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov – Lenin as he is better known – Joseph Stalin, and for a time Leon Trotsky. Three key Russian revolutionary leaders were Vladimir Lenin (right), Leon Trotsky (center) and Joseph Stalin (left), in thisRead More →

MOSCOW — Tuesday marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution, one of the most important political events of the 20th century. Yet President Vladimir Putin’s government barely acknowledges this – apparently because anything to do with “revolution” hits too close to home. Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the Kremlin hadRead More →

“The main operations began at 2 a.m.,” wrote Leon Trotsky in his History of the Russian Revolution. “Bolshevik groups occupied the railway stations, the lighting station, the military and food warehouses, the water systems, the Palace bridge, the telephone exchange, the state bank, the main printing works, the telegraph andRead More →

‘Freedom in capitalist society still remains much the same as in the ancient Greek republics: freedom for slave owners. – Vladimir Lenin One hundred years ago, the 24 October 1917 (November in today’s calendar), the disgruntled peasants, working class and soldiers of Russia overthrew the centuries-old system of Tsarist rule.Read More →

“A lie repeated often enough becomes the truth.” Vladimir Lenin’s words still resonate 100 years after the start of the Russian Revolution in 1917. Belief in communism (socialism) was the lie first perpetrated by Karl Marx in the 19th century, culminating in the Bolshevik Revolution, from St Petersburg, Russia. KarlRead More →