The short answer is that it was a betrayed revolution. Its emancipatory potential and boundless promises have been ruthlessly crushed by the very party that claimed to speak for the people. Long before the capture of the Winter Palace, the Russian people had made a revolution. After the overthrow ofRead More →

The Russian Revolution began on November 7, 1917, when the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace and seized power. They declared the foundation of the socialist Soviet republic, led by Vladimir Lenin. News of their victory spread like wildfire, inspiring liberation movements elsewhere, particularly in Africa. National resistance to British colonialRead More →

The end of the Soviet Union in 1991 set history adrift. The collapse of a totalitarian dictatorship that had overthrown an absolute monarchy has forced Russians to face a painful task of choosing what to glorify, what to condemn and what to silence. . The heated debates about the roleRead More →

A century ago, Lenin’s Marxist Bolsheviks took control of Russia’s imperial capital, launching the October Revolution that led to the creation of the Soviet Union. A century ago, Lenin’s Marxist Bolsheviks took control of Russia’s imperial capital, launching the October Revolution that led to the creation of the Soviet Union.Read More →

Wives of soldiers demand increased rations during a demonstration along Nevsky Prospekt after the observance of International Women’s Day, February 23, 1917. (Photo by K. Bulla. Courtesy of Central Archives of the State of Kino-Photo-Phono documents, St. Petersburg.) The centenary of the Russian revolution November 7, 2017 marks the 100thRead More →

The Bolsheviks had a battery of powerful leaders, but the most notable were Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov – Lenin as he is better known – Joseph Stalin, and for a time Leon Trotsky. Three key Russian revolutionary leaders were Vladimir Lenin (right), Leon Trotsky (center) and Joseph Stalin (left), in thisRead More →

This week, on November 7 (according to the Gregorian calendar*), it is 100 years since Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks revolted against the parliamentary government which, eight months earlier, had overthrown the Tsarist regime. Using Marxism/Leninism as their guiding principles, the Bolsheviks created councils composed of workers and peasants, calledRead More →

“The main operations began at 2 a.m.,” wrote Leon Trotsky in his History of the Russian Revolution. “Bolshevik groups occupied the railway stations, the lighting station, the military and food warehouses, the water systems, the Palace bridge, the telephone exchange, the state bank, the main printing works, the telegraph andRead More →

MOSCOW — Tuesday marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution, one of the most important political events of the 20th century. Yet President Vladimir Putin’s government barely acknowledges this – apparently because anything to do with “revolution” hits too close to home. Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the Kremlin hadRead More →

‘Freedom in capitalist society still remains much the same as in the ancient Greek republics: freedom for slave owners. – Vladimir Lenin One hundred years ago, the 24 October 1917 (November in today’s calendar), the disgruntled peasants, working class and soldiers of Russia overthrew the centuries-old system of Tsarist rule.Read More →

“A lie repeated often enough becomes the truth.” Vladimir Lenin’s words still resonate 100 years after the start of the Russian Revolution in 1917. Belief in communism (socialism) was the lie first perpetrated by Karl Marx in the 19th century, culminating in the Bolshevik Revolution, from St Petersburg, Russia. KarlRead More →

In this year of the centenary of the Russian Revolution, this founding event of the 20th century is little recognized. And, for the most part, even the few books, TV specials, articles, and exhibits that acknowledge it are rife with misunderstanding and myth-making. Some of the most absurd claims aboutRead More →

President Vladimir Putin openly admits that economic sanctions “seriously harm Russia”. Imposed largely in response to the Kremlin’s illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, Western sanctions have since become a mainstay of Russian foreign policy, perhaps even motivating the Kremlin’s interference in it. 2016 US presidential election on behalf ofRead More →

Lenin is exceptionally present. His larger-than-life iron statue dominates the lobby of the Deutsches Historisches Museum (German Historical Museum), catching the eye of photo-taking Chinese tourists. They seem to be more pleased with the revolutionary figure than their compatriot and Russian President Vladimir Putin often is. But again, the wholeRead More →

Thirty years ago, I strolled through the aisles of an open-air book festival in Managua, Nicaragua, organized to celebrate the seventieth anniversary of the Russian Revolution. The revolution (often referred to as the October Revolution) culminated in early November 1917 and led to the creation of the Union of SovietRead More →

Although McMeekin acknowledges that the real villains are the ruthless Bolsheviks, he reserves most of the criticism for hapless liberals. Leaving Kerensky’s motives during the events of July largely unexplained, he only touches on the common justification for Kerensky’s refusal to prosecute the Bolsheviks: deeply unpopular among liberals, he neededRead More →

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — The Russian Revolution that “shook the world,” in the words of the title of a famous book, turns 100 this year. How was it to live it? Experiencing both the chaos and the possibility of 1917, as well as the crucial years before and after? “The RussianRead More →

On a damp night in July 1917, American journalist Arno Dosch-Fleurot joined protesters marching along Petrograd’s Nevsky Prospekt when shots suddenly rang out. Banners pleading for freedom and liberty crashed to the ground as blood stained the Russian capital’s hottest thoroughfare. After diving to hide in a gutter, the NewRead More →

The February Russian Revolution began on March 8, according to the New Style calendar, and ironically coincided with International Women’s Day. Russia Direct features eight revolutionary women who made history. Pictured: Inessa Armand, feminist and communist, figure of the revolutionary movement, Moscow, 1904. Photo: Wikimedia Commons The start of theRead More →

Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia, in 1917 Alamy “The revolutionary must penetrate everywhere, into all strata, upper and middle, into the merchant’s shop, into the church, into the mansion, into the bureaucratic, military and literary worlds, into the third section [the Czar’s secret police], and even in the Winter Palace.Read More →