How the population of Russia has changed over the years – society & culture

MOSCOW, January 24. / TASS /. The Russian Federal State Statistics Service released preliminary data on the population of Russia in 2018. As of January 1, 2019, Russia‘s population reached 146.794 million people, which shows a decrease of 86,000 people per year. compared to last year. In the past 10 years, this is the first recorded decrease in the Russian population. TASS has prepared an overview of the evolution of the Russian population over the years.

Tsarist Russia

The first comprehensive census of the population in Russia was held in 1897. According to the Statistical Service of the Russian Federal State, the population of the territory which is now considered to be the Russian Federation numbered 67.5 million people and, in 1914, it reached 89.9 million. The First World War slowed down the natural growth of the population; however, it had not come to a complete stop, with the population reaching 91 million in 1917.

Soviet Union

According to the 1926 census, there were 100 million 891 thousand people living in the territory of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (the Russian statistical service provides a figure of 92.7 million people, since several regions that were considered to be part of the then Russian Soviet Republic were later integrated into other republics). Until the start of World War II, the population grew steadily, reaching 108 million 379,000 in 1939.

The demographics of the Soviet Union suffered the first blow during World War II. According to the Soviet State Commission on Estimating the Number of War Victims, about 25.3 million people born before June 22, 1941 died between 1941 and 1945. To this estimate, experts added about 1, 3 million children born during the war, died prematurely. In total, according to data published in the All-Russian Memorial Book (1941-1945), the Soviet Union lost around 26.6 million people in the war. According to Russian historian Viktor Zemskov, the direct loss of life in the Soviet Union amounted to 16 million people.

According to the Federal Statistical Service of Russia, the population of the Russian Soviet Republic reached 97 million 457,000 in 1946, and only reached 100 million in 1949.

According to the first post-war population census of 1959, 117 million 534,000 people lived in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. In 1970 the population was 130 million 79 thousand people and in 1979 it reached 137 million 551 thousand. Despite the continued natural growth of the population (600 to 700,000 people each year), the second half of the 1970s saw a demographic crisis, with the population born in the 1940s now reaching adulthood. In 1980-1981, the fertility rate of the Russian Soviet Republic had decreased compared to the previous decade (in 1970-1971, the fertility rate reached 2.0) and reached 1.895. The so-called demographic echo of WWII was among the factors influencing the demographic situation, along with urbanization, the increase in the number of divorces and abortions, as well as a high death rate among the male population. due to alcoholism.

However, in the 1980s the Russian demographic situation remained stable: in 1987 the fertility rate reached 2.23 and the population was growing steadily from 1 to 1.2 million people every year.

According to the last census of the population of the whole of the Soviet Union in 1989, the population of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic reached 147 million 401,000 people.

Modern Russia

The 1990s saw another demographic crisis in Russia due to the so-called “second echo” of World War II, as children born in the 1970s reached adulthood. Other factors influencing the crisis were the fall of the Soviet Union and the economic and social crises associated with it. In the 1990s, the death rate in Russia was 1.5 times the fertility rate. The year 1992 marked the first year since World War II that the Russian population has experienced a decline. At that time, 148.3 million people lived in Russia.

According to the Russian Federal Statistical Service, the Russian population declined by 2.1% between 1991 and 2002, reaching 145.2 million people.

The population decline continued until 2009, with a small population reaching 142.7 million people.

In 2010, the generation born in the 1980s began to reach adulthood, which facilitated the growth of the country’s population. According to the 2010 census, 142 million 857,000 people lived in Russia. In 2014, Russia’s population increased by 400,000 people compared to 2013, reaching 143.7 million. In 2015, due to the fact that Crimea began to be part of Russia, the Russian population was 146.5 million people. The year 2015 also saw the highest fertility rate (1.78). The positive momentum continued through 2018, with the latest data indicating a decline in the population.