Covid-19: India partners with China, Russia and Brazil for genomic sequencing | India News

NEW DELHI: Indian scientists, in partnership with experts from China, Russia and Brazil, will perform genomic sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 and work on the epidemiology and mathematical modeling of the Covid-19 pandemic.
“This will help trace the genetic mutations, recombinations as well as the distribution of the virus and also make predictions about the future of its spread,” the Ministry of Science and Technology said in a statement on Friday, while announcing the collaborative approach between countries within the framework of the BRICS-Multilateral research and development project.
“The study will provide a common platform to share and analyze data from four different countries and understand the pathways and transmission dynamics of viruses,” he said.
Whole genome sequencing is necessary for the identification of genetic mutations and recombinations of the coronavirus, while epidemiological studies can help assess its distribution. On the other hand, mathematical modeling is necessary to assess the future spread of Covid-19.
As part of the joint research, the Indian and Brazilian parties will assess the distribution of SARS-CoV-2 in environmental samples through metagenome analysis for wastewater-based epidemiological surveillance (WBE). Chinese and Russian scientists will perform real-time PCR detection of SARS-CoV-2 in biological material (nasopharyngeal swabs) from patients with symptoms of respiratory diseases and study genomic variability, comparative genomics and phylogenetic analysis.
“Genomic, metagenomic and epidemiological data from India, China, Russia and Brazil will be integrated to develop mathematical models for the analysis of mutations, population genetics, phylogenetic relationships, analysis of recombination and risk assessment to reveal the spread network and dynamics of the virus, ”the ministry said.
This decision will help to map the routes of spread and dynamics of the virus. The database developed by the different groups will also compare the distribution and survival of the virus in the different regions and establish the surveillance of the relevant early warning system.
The collaborative research plan was developed taking into account the strengths of international collaborators from the Institute of Microbiology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences of China, the Federal Center for Research in Fundamental and Translational Medicine of Russia and the Virus Laboratory. and measles, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Brazil.

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