The action plan for Russia’s population policy program until 2025 is about to start. The plan is the last stage of the demographic policy guidelines adopted by President Putin in 2007. In addition to the measures for the entire population, the measures at the current stage are aimed in particular at families with children but also at the elderly. of Reports from the Finnish Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT).
As before, broad areas of action include, for example, improving health surveillance throughout the health system, developing workplace health surveillance and improving health care. health, especially for cardiovascular disease.
“The most concrete are the social benefit targets, which focus on families with children. The aim is to slightly increase the number of families receiving childbirth allowances by just under 2.5 million currently. This is mainly due to an increase in the number of recipients of one-time maternity allowances, which currently stands at just over one million. The objective is also to facilitate the application for family allowances and to grant allowances without an application procedure to cover 60% of families with children ”, declared BOFIT in its weekly update.
Like bne IntelliNews reported in the article “Putin’s babies” Russian President Vladimir Putin has placed the management of the demographic crisis in Russia at the top of his agenda since his first day on the job. The Kremlin has succeeded in reversing the demographic decline of the past decade and stabilizing the size of the population. However, more recently, as the demographic impact caused by the chaos of the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s has curved the curve, the population has started to decline again.
The new policies build on previous efforts to increase the birth rate and protect newborns. The goal is to reduce infant mortality to 0.45% by 2024. The plan also pays attention to the development of quality requirements for the reception of preschool children in kindergarten. Families with at least three children will receive free land equipped with the technical infrastructure necessary for housing. The aim is to reduce the number of maintenance recovery cases in the judicial system, reports BOFIT.
As part of the demographic stimulus plan, the Kremlin has also focused on public health issues. Nighttime alcohol sales have been curtailed and healthier eating is being encouraged. The goal is to reduce the proportion of smokers in the population to 26% by 2025 and alcohol consumption to 8.5 liters (calculated as 100%) per capita by 2025. Alcohol sales remain the fourth item in the average basket.
Russia’s population began to decline in 2019, shortly before the corona outbreak. The natural growth of the population turned positive in 2013, but has remained negative since 2017. The number of births and the proportion of the population have also been declining almost constantly since 2017. Birth rates have fallen sharply since 2017 (among women aged 15-49). The death toll has been declining for a long time, although the corona pandemic has naturally reversed, reports BOFIT.
Net immigration offset the negative demographic trend, but in the first corona year the number of emigrants declined in 2020 and remained lower this year. The number of emigrants increased further in 2020, although it has stabilized this year.
Russia’s baseline demographic forecast for winter 2020, which runs through 2036, is expected to drop from 146 million currently to 143 million, but to 134 million in the worst case scenario. The number of births is expected to start increasing around 2030. The fact that the net immigration assumptions differ significantly from the planned options is also quite significant.